Info on Oslo

Oslo is the capital and largest city in Norway. Oslo was established as a municipality in 1838, but the city was founded around 1048 by King Harald III Hardråde of Norway.

The city was largely destroyed by a fire in 1624, and rebuilt as Christiania (briefly also spelt Kristiania). In 1925 the city reclaimed its original Norwegian name, Oslo.

Oslo is the cultural, scientific, economic and governmental centre of Norway. The city is also a hub of Norwegian trade, banking, industry and shipping. The city is home to many companies within the maritime sector, some of them are amongst the world's largest shipping companies, shipbrokers and maritime insurance brokers.

For several years, Oslo has been listed as one of the most expensive cities in the world along with such other global capitals as Zurich, Geneva, Copenhagen, Paris, and Tokyo.

The population currently increases at a rate of over 2 % annually, making it one of the fastest growing capitals in Europe.

The city centre is situated at the end of the Oslo fjord from where the city sprawls out in three distinct corridors from its centre: inland north-eastwards and southwards lining both sides of the fjord giving the city area more or less the shape of a large, reclining Y when seen from the north. To the north and east wide forested hills (Marka) rise above the city giving the location the shape of a giant amphitheatre.

Area
- City of Oslo 454.03 km2 (175.3 sq mi)
- Urban 285.26 km2 (110.1 sq mi)
Population (as of January 2014)
- City of Oslo 634 500
- Metropolitan area 1.5 mill.

Of Oslo's total area, 115 km2 (44 sq mi) is built-up and 7 km2 (2.7 sq mi) is agricultural. The open areas within the built-up zone amount to 22 km2 (8.5 sq mi).

(Based on text from Wikipedia.)